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Previous Suggestions

50 Shades of History - a look at non-traditional sexual practices in history
Although BDSM has become more mainstream thanks to a recent publication, the history of these and other lifestyle choices reaches back into the depths of time. Spend an hour with Bernie looking at the history and important milestones of this subculture including the Lupercalia, and the Marquis de Sade himself.
Speaker: Bernie Roehl

Algebra as Geometry
From the time of Euclid into nearly the 17th century - almost 2000 years - all mathematics was geometry. In this class, we will use the solution of the quadratic equation, or equations, to explore the ramifications of this difference from modern algebra. There is nothing in here that should be unfamiliar to anyone who has taken high-school algebra. The math behind this is not difficult, it is the Renaissance perspective that makes it challenging (and interesting!)
Speaker: Nathan Kronefeld

An ancient art, a long absence
Boxing was well known in the ancient era, and it has been popular in Europe since the 1700s, so why does it seem to have gone missing in the Middle Ages?
Speaker: William Ernoehazy

Anglo - Saxon Bread and Bread making
A brief look at bread making, including known and possible yeasts sources, flours and grains and baking methods. We will then translate this information into modern bread making techniques, including making bread dough, and how we could use a variety of baking methods, such as flat breads on a pan, baking in a covered pot, outdoor ovens and modern ovens.
Speaker: Nina Bates

Art: Pots & Rocks
Africa Rocks! A look into the rock art of Southern Africa
This presentation focus on the different types of rock art and give examples of each using key archaeological sites in Botswana and Namibia.
Who Let the Dogs Out
An Examination of the Faunal Images on White Cross-Lined Ware in Upper Egypt.

Speakers: Jennifer Laughton, Natalia Handziuk

Barbarians at the Gate
The Magyars and Attila: Best Friends Forever
This paper will explore the evolution of the 'barbarian identity' of the Magyar people. The modern Hungarian people trace their origins to the Magyars, a 'barbarian' group that made themselves known to the world in the ninth century when they migrated from their steppe lands into the Carpathian Basin to permanently settle. Duke Arpad led the seven tribes of the Magyars to their destiny in the Carpathian Basin and he became one of their most distinguished leaders mentioned in both the Gesta Hungarorum and the Illuminated Chronicle. The Magyars have also always associated themselves with mysticism surrounding their folk tales and mythic origins. In fact, modern day Hungary after WWII debated returning to their pagan roots in response to their harsh war apparitions exhibiting their adherence to their mystic roots to this day. Overall, the Magyars were a 'barbarian' group that rose to power and were a force to be reckoned the minute they emigrated from the steppe lands. They were feared by ancient sources as the second coming of the scourge of Attila. The pride of being a Magyar can still be seen in modern day Hungary in their independent and proud attitude toward their heritage. The portrayals of the Magyar people in their own sources, the sources of foreigners and in modern media combine to create a 'barbarian identity' that is variable as it moves from the Medieval world to the modern world.
'Sword-point and blade will reconcile us first': The Vikings in the English Context
This paper will examine how the Vikings were seen by the English they came into contact with and how this view evolved over time. How this compares to the Viking perception of themselves will also be examined. Lastly, the view belonging to various parties within modern society will be examined in order to shed light on how the modern caricature came into being.

Speakers: Victoria Nagy, Simon Newcombe

Beads: Open Torch Time I
For anyone who has already taken a class in lampwork. This is a chance to spend an hour on the torch with a teacher nearby who can offer advice as required. This session is restricted to those aged 16 or older. These are two separate one hour sessions, not a single two-hour session.
Class is limited to 6 people.   There is a materials fee of $5 for this class.
Speaker: Jean Ross

Beads: Open Torch Time II
For anyone who has already taken a class in lampwork. This is a chance to spend an hour on the torch with a teacher nearby who can offer advice as required. This session is restricted to those aged 16 or older. These are two separate one hour sessions, not a single two-hour session.
Class is limited to 6 people.   There is a materials fee of $5 for this class.
Speaker: Jean Ross

Bone and Antler Carving (2 hours)
A hands-on course in early medieval bone and antler carving techniques, focusing on knife work. Each student will work on a project of either bone or antler, both materials will be available during the course. This course will also give the students an appreciation of the health and safety issues in bone and antler work, an overview of nature and uses of bone, antler, and other skeletal materials, and the information they need to pursue further carving projects. Carving material will be provided at a cost of $5 each. Appropriate knives will be available for use, and can also be purchased at a cost of $15 each. Bone is a hard material, this course is not suited to children.
Class is limited to 6 people.   There is a materials fee of $5 for this class.
Speaker: Steven Strang

Bookbinding (2 hours)
This workshop is your starting point for Bookbinding. Learn the fundamentals of working with paper and basic book construction. Participants will create two different book structures, pamphlets and 2 section pamphlets. All tools and materials will be provided.
Class is limited to 6 people.   There is a materials fee of $3 for this class.
Speaker: Patrick Miller

Brocaded Tablet Weaving
This class is for those individuals who have some experience with tablet weaving or who have attended the introductory class. A hands-on introduction of various brocading techniques used on tablet woven bands. Historical applications and designs will also be discussed. Observers are more than welcome.
Speaker: Rob Schweitzer

But I don't know how to present...
Standing up in front of a group of people can seem very intimidating. We've all been to bad lectures in the past and we don't want to be one of those presenters. Maybe the problem is that you want to present but you don't know how to begin. In this session Neil will review the 'do' and 'don't' items for presenting, basics of how to create a presentation, powerpoint ideas, and everything else you need to know to make yourself a better presenter. Based in part on the excellent book 'Presenting to Win', in part on many years lecturing at Universities, Museums, and conferences around North America, and in part on many years presenting in a corporate environment this session will help you make your presentations more interesting.
Speaker: Neil Peterson

Chainmail - Beyond the Basics (2 hours)
Beyond the basics: mail is the most versatile, flexible armour ever developed. Able to be shaped to every part of the human form mail can also be the basis for wonderful jewelry. In this class you will learn how to make the King Chain, French Rope, and Foxtail patterns. A basic understanding of chain mail is required. Bring two pairs of pliers. In addition to more complex patterns with standard rings this session will explore the use of smaller rings and precious metal rings in decorative patterns and jewelry. Bring two pairs of pliers.
Class is limited to 10 people.   
Speaker: Jerry Penner

Chainmail for Beginners
Imagine a shirt made of thousands of tiny metal rings, all linked together to form a cloth impenetrable by sword. Why was chainmail the ultimate armour for warriors for over a thousand years? Chain mail is so versatile it is still in use today. You can see it on divers in shark-infested waters and on the hands of your local butcher. While you learn to knit your own bracelet that you get to take home we'll discuss the historical background of this wonderful armour. Please bring two pairs of pliers.
Class is limited to 10 people.   
Speaker: Jerry Penner

Children: Create your own Shield
Shield decorating for all knights! Suitable for ages 5 and older.
Class is limited to 10 people.   
Speaker: Katrina Lauzon

Children: Dragon Egg-Hunt and Goblet Ring-Toss
An egg-hunt for dragons eggs and a ring-toss game using rings and goblets. Suitable for ages 5 and older.
Class is limited to 10 people.   There is a materials fee of $1 for this class.
Speaker: Katrina Lauzon

Children: Dragon Painting
A finger painting activity to make a dragon painting. Suitable for ages 5 and older.
Class is limited to 10 people.   
Speaker: Katrina Lauzon

Children: Face Painting and Colouring
Face painting and colouring medieval and viking pictures. Suitable for ages 5 and older.
Class is limited to 10 people.   
Speaker: Katrina Lauzon

Children: Medieval Board Games
A variety of medieval board games and crossword puzzles. Suitable for ages 8 and older.
Class is limited to 10 people.   
Speaker: Katrina Lauzon

Children: Playdough Runestones
We will be carving runes out of playdough. Suitable for ages 5 and older.
Class is limited to 10 people.   
Speaker: Katrina Lauzon

Children: Wand Decorating
Wand decorating for all wizards, princesses and faeries! Suitable for ages 5 and older.
Class is limited to 10 people.   There is a materials fee of $2 for this class.
Speaker: Katrina Lauzon

Conflicts of the pre-modern Islamic world
The Battle of Marj Dabiq Reconsidered: The competence of the Mamluk Army in its last major battle
The Battle of Marj Dabiq took place in 1516 CE between the Mamluk and Ottoman armies north of Aleppo. The Ottoman victory in this battle was the first step in their subsequent conquest of Syria and Egypt. Scholars in the field of Mamluk History have long attributed the Ottoman victory to a decline in the quality and efficiency of the Mamluk army, their refusal to adopt firearms, and the erosion of discipline and loyalty. This paper will argue that Marj Dabiq was not really a military defeat, but rather a psychological one which destroyed the morale and spirit of the Mamluk army, which remained physically intact as a fighting force after the battle.
The Harat Conflict, 1747-1857
A decades-long dispute for control over the strategically important city of Harat now located in Afghanistan, the Harat conflict was a complex struggle that involved a number of local and regional actors; locally, rival Qajar and Afghan rulers frequently clashed for control of the city; at the regional level, Imperial Russia and Britain, mired at the time in the 'Great Game', were also involved as each power saw securing their influence in Harat as key to their strategic interests in West Asia. Despite its complex nature, extant studies of this conflict have tended to neglect its local significance and to focus instead on its regional implications. The present paper will survey a diverse selection of contemporary accounts of the Harat conflict in order to provide a balanced narrative that adequately accounts for both its local and global significance.

Speakers: Adam Ali, Sajjad Nejatie

Costuming Research (1000 - 1800 A.D)
Not sure where to start researching that costume? Come learn how to do research using traditional library search techniques and some not so traditional ways.
Speaker: Amy Menary

Counted Cross Stitch - Learn to Make Your Own Heirlooms
A hands-on course in counted cross stitch for beginners and experienced stitchers alike. There will be a brief outline of the history of needlework from the days when stitching meant that you were a lady of leisure to a present day craft that is enjoyed by all. Each participant will make a Celtic bookmark. All supplies provided. Limited to those over 6.
Class is limited to 15 people.   There is a materials fee of $2 for this class.
Speaker: Ellen Mervin

Court Dances from 15th-c. Italy
Dance was a means to many ends at the courts of Renaissance Italy. Not only could one take exercise and pleasure in dancing, but it was also a chance to display one's qualifications before princes, potential employers, and attractive people of the opposite sex (far away from prying chaperones!). Why not make a start on your court career with two or three enjoyable dances from this time? All skill levels are welcome, though the ability to count as high as six and some sense of rhythm are desirable.
Speaker: Sue Kronenfeld

Courtly Love: a Medical Condition, or Merely a Social Disease?
In the central Middle Ages, love was well known as a widespread disease that caused many uncomfortable symptoms, such as paleness, blushing, faintness and loss of both appetite and sleep. To some, the effects of unbridled love threatened to unravel the social fabric of their time. But others saw courtly love as an elite game that only certain very special people had the capacity to play. This talk will explore some of the realities and perceptions about love in the 12th century, with special emphasis on the literature of the period, and a dash of humour.
Speaker: Sue Kronenfeld

Crafting a 'Faire' Presentation
Join us for a mock rehearsal for the Royal Medieval Faire. We will entwine basic medieval histories with a fictional script and participants will be encouraged to create a character who could interact and engage with the faire audience. We can show you how we do our faire, but we are interested in how re-enactors maintain their characters as well. This workshop will show you how the Royal Medieval Faire actors work with a script as well as improvise the storyline with the goal of entertaining an audience of 5000 patrons. There will also be an opportunity to learn some basic stage combat!
Speakers: Karen Oddson, Nick Oddson, Linda Derderian, Ginevra Brown

Cultures and Offerings
A Mediterranean Mosaic: The Archaeological Evidence for Ethnic Diversity at Pithekoussai
Although the Archaic Greek site of Pithekoussai was discovered as early as the late 18th century, it was not until the 1950s and 60s that its importance was fully realized. Dated to the early 8th century BCE by the immense quantities of pottery and well-preserved funerary goods found at the site, this large settlement on the Italian island of Ischia near the Bay of Naples is the earliest Greek foundation to be discovered in the West. As the forerunner to the later great colonies of Magna Graecia, Pithekoussai is invaluable to the study of Greek colonization. Its archaeological remains reveal the beginnings of the revolutionary idea of colonization, and the ways in which the Greek presence was first established in the West. The site's significance is furthered still by the wide range of cultural material it has yielded. By investigating the available ceramic evidence, fibulae types, burial traditions, imported goods, and various written sources, this study sheds light on the diverse ethnic groups that called Pithekoussai home. As a place where the cultural traditions of Euboeans, Corinthians, Levantines, and Etruscans converged and co-existed, the remains of Pithekoussai play an important role in understanding how cultural identities affected commercial relations in the Archaic Mediterranean, and how the interaction of these identities laid the foundations for the expansive colonization efforts of the Greeks in the following centuries.
Meroitic Offering Tables: A Look at Their Iconographic and Religious Significance
This presentation will focus on offering tables dating to the Meroitic period (300 B.C. - A.D. 350) in Nubia. A look at their styles and the significance of the images represented on them will be explored. In addition, a brief overview of Meroitic religion, with attention focusing on Anubis and milk libations, will also be included.

Speakers: Rachel Dewan, Sarah Schellinger

Dances from Arbeau (1588)
Thoinot Arbeau's Orchesography contains many different styles of dance from late 16th-century France, from very simple group dances in a circle to more challenging and aerobic offerings. Join us for a fun and varied dance workshop, with a short description of Arbeau's unique and entertaining book. This class is suitable for beginners, but old hands will have the opportunity to polish their skills as well.
Speaker: Sue Kronenfeld

Dances from Tudor England (Gresley Dances)
Dating from around 1500, the Gresley dances are the earliest known English dances. Rediscovered in 1996, these are fun, easy dances for groups of two and three. The class will cover the history of the manuscript, a discussion of the reconstruction process and 3-4 of the dances described by the manuscript. No prior dance experience is necessary.
Speaker: Richard Schweitzer

Decorated mediaeval floor tiles
A general overview of English floor tiles from the late 10th. century to the end of the mediaeval period. Examples of tiles moulds, tools and a practical demonstration of tile making. A short history of early English floor tiles, written by David, will be available for purchase.
Speaker: David Clarke

Don't Try This At Home: Victorian Pesticides and General Garden Poisons
When people think of agriculture in days gone by, they often assume that our Victorian ancestors were at one with the earth in some sort of 19th century pastoral paradise. We often suppose that they were 'organic' a century before Certified Organic was even a concept, and that they had a plethora of natural remedies for problems with pests of the insect, fungal, mammalian, and avian sort. The Victorians did have some ideas about natural pest control methods and pest prevention, but they also developed a number of highly toxic remedies for agricultural problems. This talk will feature a brief survey of natural pest prevention strategies, the labour-intensive pest control methods, as well as the various deadly sprays, traps, and spreads the Victorians used to secure their harvest. Recipes may or may not be included.
Speaker: Victoria Bick

Dress for Life and Death: The Archaeology of Common Nineteenth-Century Buttons
This paper offers a broad overview of common, utilitarian buttons from the nineteenth century. It discusses the method of manufacture, chronology, and function of several different button types found on archaeological sites of the period and delves deeper into possibilities of establishing links between the preserved archaeological remains and the garments people in the nineteenth century wore. It draws upon data from recent, never before published archaeological investigations in southern Ontario to extrapolate on the topic and suggest avenues for further inquiry. In the end, it is hoped that this paper will help to bridge the gap between data recovered from archaeological investigations and research done by textile scholars and re-enactors to provide a better picture of the past.
Speaker: Anatolijs Venovcevs

Early timber frame building in the UK
Living history groups practical attempts at re-producing both an Anglo -Viking longhouse and two cruck frame structures, built here in Canada. A general discussion of the research and documentation, supplemented with hand-outs, with photographs which show the structural development of the two distinct methods of construction. Namely, the cruck frame structure of central and northern England and the primary research source from Viking Dublin for the type 1 post and lintel building.
Speaker: David Clarke

Fingerloop Braiding - Intermediate (2 hours)
This workshop is geared towards those who have done a fair amount of single person fingerloop braiding and want to try something a little more ambitious. We will be working in pairs to try some of the more complex patterns available. This will be more of a learning experience and experiment for all and should be a lot of fun.
Class is limited to 6 people.   There is a materials fee of $1 for this class.
Speaker: Karina Bates

Fingerloop Braiding - beginner (2 hours)
Fingerloop braiding's beginnings likely date prior than 1200AD. Some of the first documentation mentioning fingerbraiding occurs in the thirteenth century. It reached its height by the 16th century and is still practiced in some places today. The laces made by this technique were used for dress lacings, hair ties, hose ties, clothing trim etc. Fingerloop braiding is a technique of fiber braiding much like lucet braiding. This class will be a hands-on learning of some simple braiding patterns. Any fiber thread can be used, although something that will not either fray or break is best. There will be supplies available for a fee or you may bring your own. Observers are welcome.
Class is limited to 10 people.   There is a materials fee of $1 for this class.
Speaker: Karina Bates

Food and cooking methods in the Viking age
Without recipes how do we know what was eating in the Viking age? An exploration of what available food stuffs and cooking vessel finds can tell us. Reproduction cooking gear will be available for viewing.
Speaker: Beth Patchett

Grappling techniques when corps-a-corps -- ringen am Schwert (2 hours)
additonal details coming soon. These techniques would be shown, then practiced at slow speeds. No actual throwing or joint locking will be asked of the students, as it would be an introduction and a sampler of the techniques taught in Lichtenauer's art. Loaner longsword trainers will be available.
Class is limited to 12 people.   
Speaker: William Ernoehazy

Gryphon Medieval Brass Rubbings (I)
Brass rubbing is a creative historical art form using Monumental Brass replicas of personages from Medieval Europe, black paper and gold or silver wax. Gryphon Medieval Brass Rubbings have 60 replicas, depicting knights in full armour, kings, queens, lords / ladies in court or religious dress and other costumes, from which you may choose to make a brass rubbing. Each replica has a story to tell and as they say 'a picture is worth a thousand words'. You may take either brass rubbing session. It is not a two hour session.
Class is limited to 15 people.   There is a materials fee of $5 for this class.
Speakers: Colleen Moynham, Alexis Cooke

Gryphon Medieval Brass Rubbings (II)
Brass rubbing is a creative historical art form using Monumental Brass replicas of personages from Medieval Europe, black paper and gold or silver wax. Gryphon Medieval Brass Rubbings have 60 replicas, depicting knights in full armour, kings, queens, lords / ladies in court or religious dress and other costumes, from which you may choose to make a brass rubbing. Each replica has a story to tell and as they say 'a picture is worth a thousand words'. You may take either brass rubbing session. It is not a two hour session.
Class is limited to 15 people.   There is a materials fee of $5 for this class.
Speakers: Colleen Moynham, Alexis Cooke

Hávamál: Viking Words of Wisdom
"Too much beer is not good", "Give gifts often" are just two of the many jewels of wisdom we will be dropping in this class. The Hávamál provides us a fascinating look into different levels of the viking world and the expectations, and cultural norms of a very complex society. Join us for a look at some of the lessons that can be taken home when the norse wisdom is revealed.
Speaker: Neil Peterson

Heraldry in the Middle Ages
This session will examine the historical development of heraldry, the role of the Herald in the middle ages, how heraldry was used, and the rules and conventions of heraldry. Attendees will be given the opportunity to design their own heraldic coat of arms with resources and examples provided to assist in the process.
Speaker: David Stamper

Herbal Workshop
In this workshop, there will be a crash course in The Doctrine of Humors and their application to not only herbology, but the lifestyle of people in the Middle Ages. Then, in groups, you will create your own recipe and make your own something or other. There is a fee with this course, but you will take home a good sample of your very own concoction. "O, mickle is the powerful grace that lies - In plants, herbs, stones and their true quantities. For naught so vile that on the earth doth live - But to the earth some special good doth give." William Shakespeare
Class is limited to 14 people.   There is a materials fee of $3 for this class.
Speaker: Paddy Gillard-Bentley

Historic Unmentionables: The Evolution of the Woman's Undergarments during the Victoria Era
Sheila Johnson, Executive Director of Fanshawe Pioneer Village will present how undergarments changed the woman's shape throughout the Victorian age to achieve the strict dictates of the latest fashion.
Speaker: Sheila Johnson

How it Was and How It Wasn't
A serious look at the life of a British soldier in 1812 Upper Canada and a not so serious look at those who re-enact this peculiar lifestyle, from Farbs to Stitch Nazis and everyone in between. Peter will describe the day to day life of an enlisted man in the army of George III, both in barracks and on campaign, and look at the hobby of re-enacting as it is practiced for that era. For the potential 'newby', both practical tips and cautionary tales will be included in the presentation.
Speaker: Peter Monahan

I'll Huff and I'll Puff - Observations on Air Delivery in Bloomery Iron Furnaces
Given a good quality ore and a suitable furnace, the most critical factor in determining the size and quality of the iron bloom produced in a direct process iron smelting furnace is the air delivery. A decade of experiments with Early Medieval type furnaces has shown that to create blooms most like the archaeological samples, high volumes of air are required. How does this reflect back to the design of the bellows equipment itself? If specialized equipment is required, are their further cultural implications? This will be an expanded and slightly more general interest version of the formal paper being prepared for delivery at the International Congress for Medieval Studies in May.
Speaker: Darrell Markewitz

In their own right: Women and Power in Medieval Europe (2 hours)
A brief survey of women who ruled in their own right during the Medieval period. Part of the discussion will review what power and authority meant in the period, discussing how it evolved for both men and women.
Speaker: Mila Little

Introduction to Tablet Weaving (2 hours)
This is a hands on practicum where participants will be taught the basics of tablet weaving. Tablet weaving is a narrow-band weaving technique that is commonly used for belts, straps and decorative edging on clothes. The technique (also known as card weaving) developed independently in a number of countries and has been used for over a thousand years. Participants will learn how to string their own bands and will learn a variety of pattern techniques.
There is a materials fee of $1 for this class.
Speaker: Laura Stein

Introduction to Troubadours
We will be covering some of the theories on the development of the troubadour 'style' and the civilization where it began; looking at a couple of the most famous practitioners of the art (both male and female); as well as listening to some modern interpretations of the music. Attendees should bring paper and pen if they wish to make notes, and the lecture notes (as well as links to online materials and a bibliography) will be available on the FITP webstie after the class.
Speaker: Melanie Burrett

Living in 1865: Lessons learned with Livestock
This year will be a discussion of what we learned about livestock in general and sheep in particular. Housing, feed, the way buildings are laid out and such. Further lessons in gardening and some of the neat ideas we've seen and will try out this year. General discussion and exchange of ideas.
Speakers: Ken Cook, Margaret Trainor Cook

Meaningful Scratches
A hands-on course in Runic and Ogham writing. The Runic alphabets were the local forms of writing in the Viking, Anglo Saxon and other Germanic cultures. Ogham was an alphabet peculiar to the Celtic inhabitants of the British Isles. Both were developed to be written with a knife rather than a pen. Participants should bring a small, sharp, single-edged knife, wood will be provided and some loaner knives will be available. No woodworking experience necessary, but children must be accompanied by a parent or guardian.
Class is limited to 10 people.   
Speaker: Steven Strang

Measure twice, Scribe once
Not a practicum but people are welcome to play with pen and ink. students will learn how to take their calligraphy beyond a beginner stage, through looking at the layout of words, lines, margins, and the whole page.
Speaker: Peter Westergaard

Medieval Sewing Pins
The word pin is used by archaeologists to describe a wide variety of objects. In this class we will be making medieval style sewing pins. Class will cover how to make and attach the various parts of a medieval style sewing pin using a variety of materials and methods. The methods vary in complexity but are all geared towards allowing you to create your own pins at home with little or no specialized equipment. No metal working experience required.
Class is limited to 10 people.   There is a materials fee of $1 for this class.
Speaker: Laura Stein

Monster Mash: Evidence of Monsters in the Archaeological Context from the Middle Ages and Beyond
This presentation will cover the archaeological evidence, such as burials, artifacts, and rituals, exhibiting beliefs and reactions to the 'monster' in medieval thought. Textual documentation will also be examined to provide context to these finds and how they can be interpreted by modern archaeologists.
Speaker: Simon Newcombe

Morris Dancing (2 hours)
In this workshop we will present first Molly Dancing and then Cotswold Morris Dancing. This is a heavy participation workshop. Comfortable footwear is recommended. Styles demonstrated are the evolution of a living tradition of dance in England. Historical traces of the dance include arrest records in the 1300s and carbon dating of the Abingdon Horns to about 1000 years. Molly Dancing is the traditional dance of East Anglia, historically associated with Plough Monday. The body of dance now performed descends largely from the teaching of Cyril Papworth, who taught the dances his grandmother had taught him. It is now commonly danced year round. Morris Dancing originating in the Cotswold wool market towns features steps and style details particular to each village. It was danced to mark the agricultural cycle of the year at various community events, but is now also danced year round. Typically, Cotswold dances feature long sticks or long hankies. We will demonstrate the styles of a few villages and teach you a dance from one of them.
Speakers: Tara Bolker, Roy Underhill

Music and Monsters
Medieval Music 400-1400 the Transition from Sacred to Secular
Description will follow shortly
Reasoning the Imaginary: Monstrous Births Dismantled and Reassembled in Early Modern Europe
My paper uncovers the interrelations between truth and belief in Early Modern Europe via the examination of Scipione Mercurio's, an Italian Dominican friar and physician, discussion of monstrous births, such as animal/human hybrids. In the sixteenth-century's absence of accurate scientific knowledge, progenies that resembled non-human beasts became monsters - a human construct embossed by Christian and classic beliefs. However, as my analysis of Early Modern theories like maternal imagination demonstrates, belief occupied the same realm as truth, for Mercurio thought that the mother's imagination during gestation shaped the fetus. Indeed, when Mercurio produced explanations that opposed the likelihood of fruitful interspecies fertilization, while maintaining that animal/human hybrids existed, he revealed a continuum between imagination and reason in medical diagnosis during the late sixteenth century. I am not only concerned with the limits and possibilities this continuum presented for proto-scientists and their audience, but how it affected those whom the scientific community bereft of their agency: the monstrous offspring.

Speakers: Peter Knezevici, Marie-Luise Schega

Naalbinding: An Introduction
This will be a hands-on session aimed at beginners. Come out and learn the basics of naalbinding, ( sometimes called single-needle knitting ) a textile craft used in many ancient time periods. We will cover a basic naalbinding stitch you could use to make a hat, socks or mittens. Please note that the speaker is left-handed so right handed folks will need to 'translate' what you are seeing to your own dominant hand. The speaker will provide a ball of yarn, and a tapestry needle each, but please feel free to bring your own supplies (materials fee will be refunded if you bring your own).
Class is limited to 8 people.   There is a materials fee of $3 for this class.
Speaker: Karen Peterson

Naalbinding: Beyond York Stitch
In this class the students are expected to know the basics of naalbinding as we will be learning more advanced stitches documented from various artifacts. These will include Mammen, Dalby, Broden, and others if time allows. Please bring a needle and yarn suitable for naalbinding.
Class is limited to 10 people.   
Speaker: Lynette Pike

Norse Sagas - the Bloody, Bawdy and Bizarre
Written in the 13th and 14th centuries, the sagas provide a unique glimpse into the lives of the Norse people, their beliefs and customs. The sagas also record gory tales of slaughter, sexual exploits, and some of the strangest tales ever set to paper. This class is a survey of the bawdy, bloody, bizzare world of the Norse sagas and is not suitable for all listeners. Audience discretion is advised.
Speaker: Richard Schweitzer

Out of the grey: archaeological investigations of the Motel 5 site in Kingston Ontario
In October and November of 2012, Ground Truth Archaeology conducted a stage 4 archaeological investigation of the Motel 5 (BbGc-122) site located in Kingston Ontario. Over the course of the excavation the site became more and more atypical. A short time frame of 1835-1845 was applied to the site based on the material culture, but a much higher than normal amount of cutlery, the recovery of several military items, and a large number of ceramics indicate a possibility of a tavern site but the particular importance is the lack of documentary evidence regarding the site. This lecture will look at the site, the material culture recovered, and a theory or two regarding the nature of the site and its possible relation to the Upper Canada Rebellion.
Speaker: Nathan Laanstra

Period Fencing Demonstration
The late Renaissance period in Western Europe saw the development of a form of civilian combat with the sword which we know today as fencing. Various schools of defence arose on the continent, and this demo will focus on those that developed in Italy and Germany. Various period fighting techniques derived from extant fencing manuals will be demonstrated using reproductions of period weapons including the rapier and the longsword.
Speaker: David Stamper

Pole Lathe (2 hours)
Description will follow shortly
Speaker: Mark Patchett

Return of the King, the grave of Richard III
On February 4 2013 Richard Buckley, the lead archaeologist on the Search for Richard III, said: "It is the academic conclusion of the University of Leicester that the individual exhumed at Grey Friars in August 2012 is indeed King Richard III, the last Plantagenet King of England." While visiting friends in Leicester in October 2012 a private tour of the grave sites was arranged for us with Richard Buckley. This session shares some of the photographs taken during that tour.
Speaker: Catherine Ollerhead DeSantis

Saints and Sinners: Early Tudor Puppet Players
Forget Shakespeare and the Great Companies. Forget Interludes and the Plays of the Halls. Let Mistress Nell's Company of Strolling Puppet Players tell you what life was like as the lowest of the low of theatrical life in Tudor England - when players were classed with 'Rogues, Vagabonds and Sturdy Beggars' and life was hard. A talk, play and Q&A session with an opportunity to question the Players and play with the Puppets.
Speakers: Nell Coleman, Ildiko Csermely, Peter Csermely, Magda Nusink

Soldiers of God - Servants of Michael: Crusaders and the Medical Profession (2 hours)
An overview of the types of hardships affecting the physical health of the soldier on Crusade and what strategies may have been in place to care for their well being. This session focuses on the Western soldiers of the 2nd Crusade.
Speaker: Melina Chestley

Sprang - Circular (2 hours)
Sprang is a textile craft that can be used to make many useful objects. Older than the oldest Vikings and still useful today. Students will warp their loom and begin a circular sprang project of either a belt or a pair garters. Previous sprang experience is very helpful. Upon registration, you will be sent a What-to-bring list (or you may download it here. Auditors welcome.
Class is limited to 5 people.   
Speaker: Judy McKay

Textiles 101: Colour and Pattern in Historical Fabrics
One of the key points in recreating historical garments is the choice of fabric. This session is designed as a guide to shoppers, and will concentrate on Dark Age and Medieval European fabrics. If you're not a dyer, would you like to know what kind of colours might be obtainable in the Middle Ages so you can choose the right fabric or yarn. And what about the fabric itself: what fibres were available? what weaves? what patterns? What is available now in modern fabric stores or elsewhere that would be suitable. The materials fee covers a colour sample card.
There is a materials fee of $1 for this class.
Speaker: Jo Duke

Textiles 201: Historical Dress Design From the Ground Up
An exploration of tailoring of Viking Age and Early Medieval Clothing using archeologists drawings as the basis for creating your own patterns. We will look at the cut and construction of men's and women's clothing from Northern Europe and Greenland until the 14th Century. A look at the economical use of fabric to make fitted garments with very little wastage. I will also include an overview of the hand stitches involved.
Speaker: Jo Duke

The Church of Joan: Fact or Fiction?
The study of Joan has been a controversial issue, shrouded with mystery and intrigue for centuries. Now a saint, she was burned because of her heresy and failure to accept her gender role of a woman. Through the examination of 19th century artwork by French painters, a much different picture of Joan of Arc can be seen. Trial documents, actual words that Joan spoke, give evidence of something even larger than her heretic cross-dressing. Or do they?
Speaker: Nichole Sotzek

The Conquest of Siberia
In the time of Ivan III, Medieval Russia was a small state that had not yet expanded past the Ural Mountains to the East, and only had holdings north of Moscow itself. By the time the last Tsar of Russia abdicated in 1917, the Russians had expanded all the way to the Pacific ocean, threatening the holdings of China and Japan in the East. While most scholars tend to look at the Early Modern period as a time of Western European colonialism, they skip over the colonial ventures of Russia, which covered far more distance and surface area than any of the Western European nations ever did. This lecture looks at Russia's push into Siberia, and tracks its expansion from its initial pushes East under Ivan IV to its moves on China's territory in the late 1800s. Special attention will be given to the indigenous populations in Siberia, and how the Russian state interacted with these groups. Additionally, social aspects, such as living conditions in Siberia and the development of the area, will be examined.
Speaker: Jordan Burrows

The Cutting Edge : Considering Blades
Cutting tools have been with us as long as we have been human. Stone, copper, bronze, iron - all these materials have determined the possibilities and influenced the shapes of blades. The bladesmith has long cloaked his craft in mystery, often to the confusion of the end user. This session will be a free wheeling look at both historic artifacts and a peek at techniques of the bladesmith. As well as attempting to suggest the correct common types for specific historical periods, consideration will be given on how to select and care for knives and other bladed tools.
Speaker: Darrell Markewitz

The Good, the Bad, and the Annoyed: the not-quite-living Dead in Old Norse literature
A class for those who desire knowledge from beyond the grave of the importance of revenge, music, and being nice to house guests. Souls without bodies, bodies without souls, and anything else which lacks a pulse! This class will look at supernatural elements of ghosts, visions and draugr in Norse literature and mythology.
Speakers: Sarah Backa, Rachel Backa

The Longship Company: Things We Think We Know
At the end of the 19th and the start of the 20th centuries two remarkable Viking Age vessels were found at Gokstad and Oseberg in Norway. These two graceful vessels had an immediate impact on our views of how these vessels were built, operated and maintained. They are beautiful, and "seductive" to both the popular imagination and scholarly consideration. Subsequent discoveries and replicas have cast much light on the Vikings and their sea craft; much of which is still ignored. After "40 years abaft the mast" in various vessels based on Viking longships, we have learned a few things about what works and what doesn't work. Rowing, sailing, seating and storage arrangements, lowering the rigging; the practical arrangements of everyday life when operating a vessel underway; these lessons are hard-won, and may even be relevant to our understanding of the people, their vessels, and their remarkable impact on Europe and history. We will present some of our experiences and speculations, and ask that old (and new) certainties be considered again.
Speaker: Bruce Blackistone

The Modern World
Fear of Inaction: Canadian Anti-Communism in the Early Cold War
White, rich, male and powerful - the anti-communist is a spectre that haunts the narrative of the early Canadian Cold War. He is the villain of late 1940s and 1950s - violating civil liberties with his watchful eye. Yet who was the anti-communist? Focusing on George Drew, Premier of Ontario and later leader of the Federal Progressive Conservative Party, this paper discusses his implementation of anti-communism. In particular the study focuses on Drew's campaign literature and juxtaposes the anti-communism material with Drew's other campaign promises. The paper argues that the most striking element of Drew's anti-communism was its moderation and disconnection from other political agendas.
From Chrètien to Martin and Harper: Resurrecting Canadian Defence Policy
Grounded in existing literature and drawing upon the actions and official defence policies of the Chrètien, Martin and Harper governments, my presentation dispels the myth that the political party in power has been the predominant factor determining defence policy in recent history. Rather, my research shows that domestic and international factors were significant determinates. Examining the Defence papers that each government released the human security agenda and Canada's involvement in Afghanistan a convergence in policy emerges, and differences which are attributed to changing international and domestic factors. Although it is of a scholarly nature, the content is comprehensible to all and of interest to anyone with an interest in Canadian security, defense or party politics. I believe that this research makes an important contribution to the scholarly literature, and that such information illuminates the recent history of Canadian defence policy and political parties.

Speakers: Ashley Lefler, James Rimmer

The Story of the Cubic Equation (or The Secret Sordid Lives of Mathematicians)
We will discuss the the cubic equation: how it was discovered, who it was who discovered it, and how it changed the world. With perhaps a small emphasis on the people (Just why is it mathematicians never die of old age, surrounded by their loving children? And are angels really bound by the secular courts?)
Speaker: Nathan Kronefeld

The Strange World of Human Sacrifice
One of the most fascinating aspects of the past (and possibly the present too) is that of human sacrifice. Was such ever practiced on a systematic and regular basis? Or are we rather dealing with licentious claims by victorious opponents? After a short survey of ritual and sacrifice in relation to humans, this lecture will in discuss in detail those rites which were practiced at Carthaginian 'tophets' into the Roman period. We will attempt to come up with answers to the questions: where humans sacrificed and if so why?
Speaker: Cancelled

The life and times of Richard the Third
King Richard III reigned for just over two years (1483 - 1485), yet he has had one of the most controversial reigns of any English monarch. He has been pitched into the media limelight by the discovery of his remains under a car park in Leicester. Who was he, why is he significant, and why is there a Society in his name?
Speaker: Tracy Bryce

Tiny Flowers in the Margin (2 hours)
A look at Bourdichon and the Hastings hours, with delicate miniature flowers painted in the border. practical class, students urged to bring their own brushes. We will cover two flowers, students make and keep a step by step guide.
Speaker: Peter Westergaard

To the Hilt: The Development of Sword Hilts from the Late 15th Century until the End of the 16th Century
This session will look at how the simple cross-guard hilt of the swords of the medieval period was transformed into the complex or 'swept' hilt seen in the late 16th c. The various defences added to the cross-guard hilt will be examined, and the reasons for them being added explored. Period artwork, pictures of extant period hilts, and physical reproductions of hilts will be used to illustrate the class material.
Speaker: David Stamper

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